Is mitral valve prolapse a heart disease or is it a disorder?
Is mitral valve prolapse a heart disease? Yes. Like heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and many other problems that affect the heart, MVP is considered a heart disease. It is a non-infectious heart valve disease that impairs mitral valve function.
Mitral valve prolapse is also considered a disorder and a syndrome. In fact, a lot of medical professionals refer to MVP as Barlow’s syndrome, after the South African cardiologist who first described the prolapse condition.
Other names for MVP include floppy mitral valve syndrome, billowing mitral valve, and myxomatous mitral valve. When mitral valve prolapse accompanies symptoms of dysautonomia (autonomic dysfunction), it is sometimes called the mitral valve prolapse syndrome, although healthcare providers generally describe mitral prolapse and dysautonomia as two separate conditions.
Is mitral valve prolapse a congenital heart defect?
Yes, MVP is a congenital heart defect of the mitral (aka bicuspid) valve. The congenital malformation, which may affect one or more mitral apparatus components, can occur alone or with other heart defects. However, mitral valve prolapse isn’t always congenital. It is possible to acquire the affliction. One may acquire a mitral prolapse suddenly or over time for numerous reasons.
MVP can develop with rheumatic fever, infective endocarditis, and heart attacks. In some cases, these problems cause mitral regurgitation, where blood leaks back into the left atrium. Mitral valve prolapse can also develop as a result of physical trauma (e.g., damage from a car accident), prolonged medication use, and conditions such as atrial fibrillation and high blood pressure.
Is mitral valve prolapse a heart disease? It is indeed, and sometimes myxomatous degeneration is the cause. Myxomatous degeneration is a connective tissue deterioration process that changes the physical structure of the mitral leaflets. Consequently, the leaflets of the mitral valve do not close properly when the heart beats. This can cause MVP symptoms and complications.
Is mitral valve prolapse hereditary?
While there are many different mitral prolapse causes, the problem has a tendency to be hereditary. Mitral valve prolapse, especially MVP that accompanies dysautonomia, often runs in families. Researchers have connected several human chromosomes with the disorder. Moreover, medical experts have linked at least one specific gene with prolapsing mitral valves.
Some individuals are born with a defective mitral valve. With others, a condition may present from birth that causes changes in the valve. A number of disorders have been associated with MVP. These include Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and osteogenesis imperfecta. It also occurs with greater frequency in people who have Graves’ disease and polycystic kidney disease.
Genetic connective tissue disorders and problems that affects the joints and skin underlie many cases of mitral valve prolapse. Marfan syndrome (MFS) and Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS), in particular, appear to be closely related to MVP. Both of these conditions commonly occur with skeletal deformities like scoliosis (a curved spine) and pectus excavatum (sunken chest).
How common is mitral valve prolapse?
According to health authorities, between two and eight percent of the global population have mitral valve prolapse. Calculating the prevalence of MVP accurately is difficult, though, and the actual percentage of people living with mitral prolapse may be a lot higher. There are many factors in the equation, including the diagnostic criteria that doctors use to make diagnoses.
For folks researching “Is mitral valve prolapse a heart disease,” mitral prolapse affects all ages and genders, although it is more common in females than it is in males. It may also be more common among certain races and ethnic groups. Of the people living with MVP, approximately 40 percent experience symptoms of dysautonomia. Few go on to develop serious complications.
Can mitral prolapse cause death? Yes, if the prolapse is severe and/or there are serious complications, it can, but overall the mitral valve prolapse death rate is low. Most individuals with MVP have life expectancies similar to that of the general population. When death does occur, it is usually due to mitral insufficiency (regurgitation), congestive heart failure, or cardiac arrhythmia.