What is the mitral valve prolapse death rate with MVP?
What is the mitral valve prolapse death rate? When a person has MVP, particularly mitral prolapse that is symptomatic, it is perfectly natural to worry about the mortality rate among sufferers.
Good news… Most of the time MVP is not a death sentence. Is mitral valve prolapse fatal? It can be. Can mitral valve prolapse cause sudden death? It is possible. But most people living with the mitral prolapse condition do not die from it.
Those who die from MVP usually have severely prolapsing mitral valves and mitral regurgitation, and death typically occurs as a result of complications and/or other health problems. In a small percentage of people with the affliction, the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse can be frequent and intense. However, the presence of such symptoms does not necessarily increase the risk of death.
What do you need to know about the MVP death rate?
1. The mitral valve prolapse death rate is low
While MPV may affect up to eight percent of the global population, few people actually die from a mitral prolapse. According to HealthGrove, 202 individuals died from mitral valve prolapse in the United States in 2015. That’s an annual mortality rate of 0.628464 per million people in the US, which in relation to the affected population (and compared to other heart diseases) is very modest.
In addition, American deaths that occur with MVP as the underlying cause have been declining over the past two decades. This is probably due to advances in medicine and technology, as well as an increase in awareness around the condition. 346 deaths occurred due to mitral valve prolapse in 1999. In other words, the MVP mortality rate decreased by almost half (41.61%) between 1999 and 2015.
2. Most deaths occur among the elderly
Elderly patients are much more likely to die from a prolapsed mitral valve and MVP complications. Statistics indicate that the risk of death generally increases with age in those with a prolapsing mitral valve, and the mitral valve prolapse death rate increases considerably after the age of 85. Frail individuals with other medical health problems and/or injuries are particularly at risk.
The mortality rate for US sufferers in the 85+ age category in 2015 was 0.81 deaths per 100,000 people. In comparison, those who fell into the 5-84 age groups all had population-controlled rates of below 0.16 deaths per 100,000, with children aged 5-14 showing the lowest mortality. The rate differences between the groups are significant. Rates were similar in previous years.
3. Women generally have a higher mortality rate
MVP affects both genders, but it appears to be more prevalent in women, especially those aged 20 to 40. Moreover, the mitral valve prolapse death rate is higher among females. More females per 100,000 died from mitral prolapse in the States between 1999 and 2015 than males. The female mortality rate did decrease over that period, though, bringing the death rate closer to that of males.
Mortality rates dropped overall among people living with the condition, recent MVP data shows, and they continue to decline. The rate of death for females in 1999 was 0.15 per 100,000 people, versus 0.09 per 100,000 people for males. By end 2015, the mortality rate for females due to MVP had dropped to 0.07 per 100,000, while males saw the mitral prolapse death rate fall to 0.05.
4. Death rates are higher among certain races and ethnic groups
Rates of MVP mortality aren’t only higher among females and elderly patients; the mitral valve prolapse death rate is also higher with certain races and ethnic groups. The race killed at the highest rate between 2004 and 2015 was “Whites.” This was followed by “Blacks,” “Asians or Pacific Islanders,” and “American Indians,” although the rate for Indians surpassed that of blacks in 2015.
The rate of death due to MVP among whites was 0.07 per 100,000 people in 2015. Among blacks, the rate was 0.03 per 100,000, while Asian/Pacific Islanders died at a rate of 0.01 per 100,000. American Indians had a mortality rate of 0.04 per 100,000 people, rising sharply from 0.02 in 2014. The rate of death among Non-Hispanics has been significantly higher than Hispanics since 1999.
5. There are three main complications that cause death with MVP
When MVP is the underlying cause of death, there are three main heart problems that lead to death in patients – congestive heart failure, mitral insufficiency, and cardiac arrhythmia. These mitral prolapse complications make up a large part of the mitral valve prolapse death rate across all demographic groups. They accounted for 128 of the 202 US deaths that occurred in 2015.
Other contributing causes include atrial fibrillation and flutter, hypertension, and cardiomegaly, infective endocarditis, cardiomyopathy, atherosclerotic heart disease, and ventricular fibrillation and flutter. Sometimes, health problems occur wherein MVP is the contributing cause of death rather than the primary or underlying cause. Such cases account for approximately 289 deaths each year.
What else do you need to know about mitral prolapse mortality?
For most individuals, it is possible to lower the risk of dying from MVP. By following a heart-healthy diet, cutting out foods to avoid with mitral prolapse, and exercising sufficiently each day, sufferers can reduce the mitral valve prolapse death rate and relieve disturbing MVP syndrome symptoms. Quitting cigarette smoking can also lower the risk of death and reduce symptoms and complications.
In general, leading a healthy lifestyle is important when you have heart valve disease. Practicing proper dental hygiene is also important, to prevent dangerous infections like endocarditis. Some people actually need antibiotics before dental work and certain medical procedures for this reason. Can you die from mitral valve prolapse? Yes. But for most people with MVP, premature death is unlikely.