What is the mitral valve prolapse prognosis with MVP?
What’s the mitral valve prolapse prognosis? It depends, although the outlook is generally favorable with MVP. Most people are not aware that they have the condition or do not experience MVP symptoms. Few develop serious complications.
Though not always, individuals who do experience symptoms can usually manage them effectively. Various treatment options are available to those who are symptomatic and/or go on to develop mitral valve prolapse complications.
Mitral valve regurgitation (insufficiency) is one of the main MVP complications. While it can be treated, having a leaky mitral heart valve increases the risk of symptoms and complications. The life expectancy of someone with non-classic MVP without regurgitation and no underlying medical problems is about the same as that of a healthy person without a prolapsing mitral valve.
What is the prognosis for mitral valve prolapse with regurgitation?
MVP typically follows a benign course. Nevertheless, a prolapse can deteriorate and regurgitation can develop, where blood leaks into the left atrium. The degree of regurgitation has a direct impact on symptoms, complications, and prognosis. Complications like atrial fibrillation, heart failure, edema, blood clots, and infective endocarditis are much more likely in those with severe MR.
Regurgitation tends to develop with age as the mitral leaflets and chordae tendinae stretch or degenerate. Known as chronic mitral regurgitation, it starts out in a “compensated” state and gradually transitions to a “decompensated” state. When decompensated, abnormal heart rhythms, pulmonary hypertension, and congestive heart failure may occur, and symptoms may intensify.
Mitral valve regurgitation can be also be acute. When it is acute, in most cases, the chordae tendineae or heart’s papillary muscles will rupture suddenly, causing complications and symptoms that can be dangerous and intense. In some cases, medication may be sufficient as treatment, but surgery is often necessary. Surgery involves repairing or replacing the mitral valve and its structures.
What is the prognosis for MVP without regurgitation?
In a small number of MVP sufferers without mitral regurgitation and mitral prolapse complications, symptoms such as anxiety, shortness of breath, and angina, as well as vertigo, palpitations, and fatigue, do occur. Fortunately, symptoms can usually be managed with medications and lifestyle modifications. Many times, doctors will prescribe a combination of treatments.
Non-classic MVP that accompanies dysautonomia (autonomic nervous system dysfunction) symptoms is sometimes referred to as mitral valve prolapse syndrome. Symptoms of dysautonomia are normally mild, but they can be bothersome. In some people with a prolapsed mitral valve, the symptoms can affect quality of life to such an extent that one becomes totally disabled.
It’s important to note that there are different types of dysautonomia. Some forms of the disorder are more severe and progressive. Furthermore, any autonomic imbalances that occur in the body can result from other underlying health problems. The autonomic dysfunction commonly associated with the mitral valve prolapse condition is often more troublesome than it is dangerous.
What is the overall prognosis for people with mitral prolapse?
The mitral valve prolapse prognosis of a person with MVP depends largely on the degree of the mitral valve displacement and the presence/extent of mitral valve regurgitation, as well as how these problems progress naturally over time in the sufferer. Of course, it also depends on one’s individual risk factors and symptoms and if there are any underlying disorders or health problems.
In addition to the above, how a person manages their mitral prolapse can have a significant impact on MVP prognosis. For example, following a heart-healthy MVP diet plan and not consuming foods to avoid with mitral valve prolapse can considerably reduce symptoms and complications. There are also medications and exercises to avoid with MVP that if averted can improve the condition.
For individuals living with the MVP syndrome, there are natural remedies and supplements that can improve mitral valve prolapse. Magnesium, in particular, can be quite helpful with MVPS. Ultimately, the prognosis isn’t the same for everyone with a prolapsed mitral valve. However, most people are able to live normal lives, and those with symptoms and complications have got treatment options.